Geschichte des Wohnheims

Seit sei­ner Eröff­nung 1960 hat das Stu­den­ten­wohn­heim Geschwis­ter Scholl e.V. eine reich­hal­ti­ge Geschich­te hin­ter sich. Nach­fol­gend berich­ten wir über die Bau­pha­sen, der Ver­än­de­run­gen rund um Gebäu­de & Orga­ni­sa­ti­on, die Zusam­men­ar­beit mit dem Mar­chio­ni­ni-Heim sowie die Geschich­te der Heimleitung.

History of our Dorm

Sin­ce its ope­ning in 1960, the stu­dent dor­mi­to­ry Geschwis­ter Scholl e.V. has had a rich histo­ry. In the fol­lowing we report on the con­struc­tion pha­ses, the chan­ges around the buil­ding & orga­niz­a­ti­on, the coope­ra­ti­on with the Mar­chio­ni­ni-Heim as well as the histo­ry of the dor­mi­to­ry management.

House 1 construction

Alrea­dy in the foun­ding year of the asso­cia­ti­on, 1956, the collec­tion of dona­ti­ons began. Thousands of „begging let­ters” were sent to pri­va­te and busi­ness peop­le, accom­pa­nied by nume­rous con­ver­sa­ti­ons, at every avail­ab­le oppor­tu­ni­ty. The pro­mi­nent names of the patron and the foun­ders of the asso­cia­ti­on, Bava­ri­an Minis­ter Pre­si­dent Dr. Wil­helm Hoeg­ner, Uni­ver­si­ty Rec­tor Prof. Dr. Alfred Mar­chio­ni­ni, Minis­ter of Jus­ti­ce Dr. Fritz Koch and Dr. Hans-Jochen Vogel, were hel­pful. After only two years, the necessa­ry funds were rai­sed and a plot of land owned by the city of Munich near the Munich uni­ver­si­ties was found. The city sold it to the asso­cia­ti­on and at the same time gran­ted it a sub­s­idy in the amount of the purcha­se pri­ce. Both of the­se were main­ly thanks to Tho­mas Wim­mer (SPD), the mayor of Munich at the time, who was a staunch sup­por­ter of the dor­mi­to­ry from the city­’s side. In addi­ti­on, the­re were sub­si­dies from the federal and sta­te governments, a loan from the Stadt­spar­kas­se savings bank, and a non-can­cel­ab­le advan­ce rent pay­ment from the Arbeits­ge­mein­schaft Sozi­al­de­mo­kra­ti­scher Aka­de­mi­ker (Working Group of Social Demo­cra­tic Aca­de­mics). In return, the asso­cia­ti­on under­took to rent the Arbeits­ge­mein­schaft an office on the first floor of approx. 20m² at the usu­al rent and to grant it the right to use the com­mon rooms. The rights under this con­tract were trans­fer­red to the Social Demo­cra­tic Aca­de­mic Asso­cia­ti­on, who­se office was housed in the home until 1973.

Als Archi­tek­ten für den Bau konn­ten Wer­ner und Gre­te Wir­sing, ange­se­he­ne Pio­nie­re der Nach­kriegs­mo­der­ne, gewon­nen wer­den. Nach gründ­li­cher Pla­nung, die am 21. Janu­ar 1958 mit der Fer­tig­stel­lung der Bau­plä­ne abge­schlos­sen wur­de, konn­te der Bau begon­nen und am 25. März 1959 der Grund­stein gelegt wer­den. Bis zum Jah­res­en­de konn­te Haus 1 mit 144 Wohn­plät­zen – davon 64 in Dop­pel­zim­mern – fer­tig­ge­stellt und bezo­gen wer­den. Die fei­er­li­che Eröff­nung fand am 7. Janu­ar 1960 statt. Die Gesamt­kos­ten belie­fen sich auf 1,2 Mio. DM. Wer­ner Wir­sing war bis zu sei­nem Lebens­en­de dem Stu­den­ten­wohn­heim und sei­nem Trä­ger­ver­ein als Mit­glied verbunden.

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Model of House 1 of the Schollheim after Werner and Grete Wirsing (provided by „Architekturmuseum der TUM”).
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oben: Haus 1 kurz nach Fertigstellung 1960. Im Vordergrund ist das Trümmergrundstück zu sehen, auf dem heute Haus 2 steht.

The­re was spe­cial applau­se at the ope­ning of House 1 when the asso­cia­ti­on’s mana­ging direc­tor, Dr. Hans-Jochen Vogel, announ­ced that Arbei­ter­wohl­fahrt had dona­ted a tele­vi­si­on to the home’s resi­dents. At that time, in 1960, tele­vi­si­on was just seven years old in post-war Ger­ma­ny and owning a tele­vi­si­on was not some­thing that could be taken for granted.

House 1 shortly after completion in 1960. In the foreground you can see the rubble plot on which house 2 stands today.

Cooperation between dormitory management and the student’s self-administration

Even befo­re the first stu­dents moved into House 1 on Janu­a­ry 1, 1960, the asso­cia­ti­on had laid the foun­da­ti­ons for exten­si­ve self-admi­nis­tra­ti­on by the dor­mi­to­ry resi­dents through appro­pria­te pro­vi­sio­nal regu­la­ti­ons. They were to be invol­ved in the admi­nis­tra­ti­on of the dor­mi­to­ry by the asso­cia­ti­on, for examp­le, by selec­ting the future dor­mi­to­ry resi­dents them­sel­ves, by having a say in decisi­ons about the bud­get and rent incre­a­ses, and by being able to shape dor­mi­to­ry life on their own respon­si­bi­li­ty. In the years that fol­lo­wed, this was intro­du­ced step by step. Sin­ce then, the resi­dents, who are repre­sen­ted by three mem­bers on the asso­cia­ti­on’s nine-mem­ber board of trus­tees, have fur­ther deve­lo­ped the con­tent and form of their self-admi­nis­tra­ti­on in con­sul­ta­ti­on with the association.

On the part of the asso­cia­ti­on, coope­ra­ti­on with the stu­dent self-admi­nis­tra­ti­on is lar­ge­ly the respon­si­bi­li­ty of the dor­mi­to­ry manage­ment, i.e. the dor­mi­to­ry director.

Heads of the dormitory

The initi­al appoint­ment of the dor­mi­to­ry direc­tor was ques­tion­ab­le, as the inten­ti­on was to be more than a nor­mal stu­dent dor­mi­to­ry, name­ly a place of poli­ti­cal edu­ca­ti­on, edu­ca­ti­on for tole­ran­ce, demo­cra­cy and social com­mit­ment. The foun­ders of the asso­cia­ti­on sent out a clear signal by choo­sing the first fema­le direc­tor of the dor­mi­to­ry: they appoin­ted Dr. Hel­ga Gre­bing (✝ Sep­tem­ber 25, 2017 in Ber­lin), a young his­to­ri­an who was litt­le known at the time and who wro­te stan­dard works on Natio­nal Socia­lism and the Ger­man labor move­ment in the years that fol­lo­wed. From today­’s per­spec­ti­ve, she was one of the most dis­tin­guis­hed his­to­ri­ans of the post­war period.

Gre­bin­g’s pro­gram for the dor­mi­to­ry was a „Stu­di­um géné­ra­le”: stu­dents were to deba­te poli­tics, con­tem­pora­ry histo­ry, lite­ra­tu­re and art. This was encou­ra­ged by lec­tures by pro­mi­nent per­so­na­li­ties such as Dr. Wil­helm Hoeg­ner on „How Ger­ma­ny is gover­ned,” Dr. Alfred Jütt­ner on „The Sovie­tiz­a­ti­on of East Cen­tral Euro­pe,” or Inge Scholl, the sis­ter of the mur­de­red, on „the extent to which the ide­as of her sib­lings have been rea­li­zed today.” Thus it came about that the Süd­deut­sche Zei­tung publis­hed an arti­cle about the dor­mi­to­ry on March 28, 1961 under the tit­le „The house resi­dents – a fami­ly of peoples”.

On May 1, 1962, Gre­bing was suc­cee­ded as direc­tor of the home by the mathe­ma­ti­ci­an Josef Maisch, who was the first full-time rec­tor of the then new­ly estab­lis­hed Munich Col­le­ge. Until his death on Sep­tem­ber 25, 1986, he was meri­to­rious­ly acti­ve as part-time direc­tor of the home for more than 24 years. This peri­od embo­di­ed an ent­i­re era of the Schol­lheim, which was stron­gly influ­en­ced by the poli­ti­cal and social chan­ges that had grip­ped our coun­try sin­ce 1968.

Sub­se­quent­ly, the reti­red edu­ca­tor Karl-Heinz Ham­mer­mül­ler took over the manage­ment of the home until he died at the age of 77 on May 4, 2001. A pro­ven sailor on the high seas, he also stee­red a suc­cess­ful cour­se for the home on land with gre­at cir­cums­pec­tion, empa­thy and in a coope­ra­ti­ve spirit.

His suc­ces­sor was the archi­tect Til­mann Breit­bach, who­se work for the Bava­ri­an Sta­te Buil­ding Admi­nis­tra­ti­on ended in spring 2002 when he took ear­ly reti­re­ment. Like his pre­de­ces­sors, he suc­cess­ful­ly dedi­ca­ted hims­elf to the resi­den­ti­al home, the con­struc­tion of house 3 being par­ti­cu­lar­ly note­wor­thy. On behalf of the asso­cia­ti­on, he draf­ted the first plans of the exten­si­on buil­ding, after which he accom­pa­nied and super­vi­sed the con­struc­tion acti­vi­ties for the asso­cia­ti­on. Due to his age, he reti­red from the manage­ment of the home in 2019.

Sin­ce 2019, Alex­an­dra Fil­ser has been the suc­ces­sor to Til­mann Breit­bach, who now per­forms the tasks of admi­nis­tra­ti­on and home manage­ment in per­so­nal uni­on. Befo­re addi­tio­nal­ly taking over the manage­ment of the home, she had alrea­dy been acti­ve in the admi­nis­tra­ti­on of the Schol­lheim sin­ce 2014, as of 2018 as admi­nis­tra­ti­ve mana­ger. She was trai­ned at the com­pa­ny W. Roh­rer & Sohn Treu­hand­ge­sell­schaft as a busi­ness­wo­man for pro­per­ty and housing manage­ment and is the­re­fo­re very fami­li­ar with ren­tal management.

Head of the dormitory Dr. Helga Grebing
josef-maisch
Head of the dormitory
head of the dormitory Josef Maisch
head of the dormitory
head of the dormitory Karl-Heinz Hammermüller
head of the dormitory Tilmann Breitbach
head of the dormitory Alexandra Filser

House 2 construction

After the com­ple­ti­on of House 1, fund­rai­sing con­ti­nued in order to be able to build a second house. Again, wit­hin two years, fund­rai­sing suc­cee­ded in rai­sing the necessa­ry equi­ty to app­ly for the favor­able federal and sta­te funds and to obtain a bank loan. Once again, the city hel­ped by sel­ling the adja­cent ruin pro­per­ty to the asso­cia­ti­on and again pro­vi­ding a sub­s­idy in the amount of the purcha­se pri­ce. Wer­ner and Gre­te Wir­sing were able to con­ti­nue buil­ding. By mid-1963, all pre­pa­ra­ti­ons, inclu­ding plan­ning, were com­ple­ted, the buil­ding per­mit was issued, and con­struc­tion could begin. Dif­fi­cult buil­ding ground (due to deep rui­ned cel­lars), the requi­re­ment to build gara­ges, the necessa­ry clo­sed con­nec­ting pas­sa­ge bet­ween the two houses, and gene­ral infla­ti­on led to unwel­co­me cost incre­a­ses. In April 1964, House 2 was rea­dy for occup­an­cy with its 98 sin­gle rooms, the con­nec­ting cor­ri­dor and 21 gara­ges. The total cost of con­struc­tion was DM 1.5 million.

Collaboration with the Marchionini Foundation

Sin­ce the fall of 1972, the Geschwis­ter Scholl stu­dent dor­mi­to­ry and the mar­chio­ni­ni-dor­mi­to­ry have for­med an admi­nis­tra­ti­ve unit. This means that in addi­ti­on to the Schol­lheim, the admi­nis­tra­ti­ve staff and the jani­tor also look after the Mar­chio­ni­ni home at Ler­chen­au­er Stra­ße 41 in Munich.

The basis for this coope­ra­ti­on is the com­mon histo­ry and shared spi­ri­tu­al atti­tu­de of both dor­mi­to­ries and their sponsors.

Establishment of the Alfred and Karl Marchionini Foundation

As the first chair­man of the asso­cia­ti­on, Alfred Mar­chio­ni­ni not only play­ed a major role in the foun­ding of the Geschwis­ter Scholl stu­dent dor­mi­to­ry, but he and his wife Mat­hil­de also dona­ted their ent­i­re for­tu­ne for the con­struc­tion of ano­t­her stu­dent dor­mi­to­ry and for the sup­port of nee­dy stu­dents. To this end, the child­less Mar­chio­ni­ni cou­p­le estab­lis­hed the Alfred and Karl Mar­chio­ni­ni Foun­da­ti­on in their wills. They took care of the con­struc­tion of the Mar­chio­ni­ni stu­dent dor­mi­to­ry, which is still in their pos­ses­si­on today.

Short­ly befo­re her death, Dr. Mat­hil­de Mar­chio­ni­ni decreed that her first name be repla­ced in the foun­da­ti­on’s name by the first name of her father-in-law (Karl). In doing so, she wan­ted to honor the man from whom her hus­band deri­ved his ide­als. After the First World War, Karl Mar­chio­ni­ni was an edi­tor at the Leip­zi­ger Volks­zei­tung, an organ of the Inde­pen­dent Social Demo­crats (USPD).

 

Construction of the Marchionini student dormitory

The plan­ning and con­struc­tion of the Mar­chio­ni­ni Stu­dent Resi­dence, as with House 1 and House 2 of the Geschwis­ter Scholl Stu­dent Resi­dence, were essen­ti­al­ly the result of the vol­un­ta­ry com­mit­ment of Robert Jenisch. He was the mana­ging direc­tor of the Schol­lheim for many years. The archi­tect of the Mar­chio­ni­ni home was equal­ly Wer­ner Wirsing.

marchionini-studentenwohnheim
Das Gebäude des Marchionini-Studentenwohnheims

The Mar­chio­ni­ni home was com­ple­ted in time for the 1972 Olym­pics and housed refe­rees during the games. Immedia­te­ly after the Games, the stu­dents moved in.

Due to an agreed admi­nis­tra­ti­ve alli­an­ce, the Mar­chio­ni­ni-Heim was co-mana­ged from the begin­ning by the Schol­lheim. The respon­si­bi­li­ties and decisi­on-making powers of the Board of Direc­tors and the Mana­ging Direc­tor of the Alfred and Karl Mar­chio­ni­ni Foun­da­ti­on remain unaffected.

The Marchionini dormitory building
 

Repairs and conversions

No house in the world remains new and as inta­ct as the day it is com­ple­ted. From the out­side, wind and wea­ther, heat, cold, rain, ice and snow gnaw away at it; from the insi­de, resi­dents and visi­tors con­stant­ly wear it down. Tha­t’s why the dor­mi­to­ry has had to under­go a num­ber of reno­va­tions sin­ce it was built.

Renovations house 1

Among other things, the flat roofs were reno­va­ted, on which the tar­boards had to be rene­wed again and again until they could be repla­ced by dura­ble alu­mi­num sheeting.

Again and again, win­dows, faca­des, instal­la­ti­ons and floo­rs had to be repla­ced and the walls of the rooms had to be fresh­ly painted.

In House 1, the­re were alrea­dy major reno­va­tions in the 1980s: On the one hand, the kit­chen and sani­ta­ry are­as were expan­ded to inclu­de and chan­ge the use of eight sin­gle rooms, and on the other hand, the home mana­ger’s and tutors’ apart­ment on the first floor was con­ver­ted into a new resi­den­ti­al group with eight sin­gle rooms to com­pen­sa­te for the loss of rooms men­tio­ned above.

Uli Turek and Reinhard Schneider in the big room of the tutors’ apartment
Peter von Rüden and Uli Turek in the kitchen of the tutors’ apartment
Uli Turek cleaning the bathroom in the tutor apartment

Roof construction and extension for both houses

Howe­ver, the big­gest buil­ding pro­ject was expe­ri­en­ced (and endu­red) by the home’s resi­dents from June 1998 to July 1999, when the flat roofs were repla­ced by hip­ped roofs and expan­ded into three resi­den­ti­al groups with a total of 22 sin­gle rooms. In turn, the remai­ning 24 dou­ble rooms could final­ly be con­ver­ted into sin­gle rooms. The total num­ber of resi­den­ti­al pla­ces thus decre­a­sed by only two units to 232 rooms.

All rooms in House 1 and House 2 recei­ved new wash­basins and final­ly also hot water. The electri­cal instal­la­ti­on had to be com­ple­te­ly rene­wed and rein­for­ced. At the same time, all rooms recei­ved tele­pho­ne lines, TV/audio cable con­nec­tions and con­nec­tions to the new EDP house net­work (Schol­lnet). This is con­nec­ted to the Leib­niz Com­pu­ter Cen­ter (LRZ) of the Bava­ri­an Aca­de­my of Sci­en­ces and Huma­nities via a high-per­for­mance dedi­ca­ted line and offers every resi­dent free access to the Internet.

Almost all win­dows of both houses were rene­wed and the faca­de fresh­ly pain­ted. The two out­da­ted cen­tral hea­ting sys­tems were repla­ced by more modern, elec­tro­ni­cal­ly con­trol­led sys­tems and each was sup­ple­men­ted by a solar collec­tor sys­tem with a total collec­tor area of around 100m².

The­se con­struc­tion mea­su­res, which cost a total of almost DM 5 mil­li­on, were only pos­si­ble with mas­si­ve sta­te sub­si­dies and generous con­tri­bu­ti­ons from pri­va­te sources. Only a loan of 550,000 DM had to be taken out, so that the rents had to be rai­sed only slightly.

House 1 in the initial state with flat roof
House 1 and 2 with roof extensions, before the construction of house 3

House 3 construction

Sin­ce 2013, plans have been under­way to crea­te addi­tio­nal dor­mi­to­ry pla­ces in the immedia­te vicini­ty of Munich’s uni­ver­si­ties and col­le­ges. The­se plans can again be traced back to the asso­cia­ti­on’s long-time mana­ging direc­tor Robert Jenisch.

Third phase of construction of the Schollheim

Due to the lack of vacant plots, the crea­ti­on of new housing pla­ces was only pos­si­ble by incre­a­sing the den­si­ty of the exis­ting deve­lo­p­ment. The­re­fo­re, it was plan­ned to build a new house 3 with 55 living spaces in five floo­rs bet­ween house 1 and house 2, along Stei­ni­cke­weg. The con­struc­tion plans could still be dis­cus­sed with Wer­ner Wir­sing, and then Eber­hard Stei­nert beca­me the exe­cu­ti­ve archi­tect in coope­ra­ti­on with Til­mann Breitbach.

Fassade des Schollheims mit Haus 3 vom Steinickeweg aus (Ostseite)

After recei­ving the buil­ding per­mit from the city of Munich and after com­ple­ti­on of the plan­ning, the con­struc­tion work could start in July 2017 with the demo­li­ti­on of the old gara­ges in the courty­ard. During the con­struc­tion peri­od, some resi­dents had to move becau­se some rooms fell vic­tim to the recon­struc­tion. About two years later, in Octo­ber 2019, the com­ple­ted, new rooms could be occu­p­ied. With a cere­mo­ni­al speech by Munich’s Lord Mayor Die­ter Rei­ter (SPD), the new house was offi­cial­ly inau­gu­ra­ted on Janu­a­ry 14, 2020.

Facade of the Schollheim with house 3 from Steinickeweg (east side).
construction work in house 3 (to see: normal apartment)

The cos­ts for the con­struc­tion of House 3, the reno­va­tions to the exis­ting buil­ding, the con­struc­tion of the out­door faci­li­ties and the fur­nis­hings amoun­ted to appro­xi­mate­ly 6.6 mil­li­on euros. More than half of this was rai­sed by the non-pro­fit asso­cia­ti­on from its own funds and loans. The Free Sta­te of Bava­ria con­tri­bu­t­ed to the con­struc­tion with a sub­s­idy of approx. 40% of the costs.

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Bauarbeiten im Haus 3 (zu sehen: normales Apartment)
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Innenhof des Schollheims mit Dachterasse, im Hintergrund Westseite Haus 3

What is spe­cial about House 3 is abo­ve all that the 55 new resi­den­ti­al units, in con­trast to tho­se in House 1 and House 2, are small apart­ments. This means that the rooms are equip­ped with a small kit­chen­et­te and a pri­va­te bathroom. In addi­ti­on, 13 of the 55 apart­ments have been desi­gned as bar­ri­er-free housing units to make it easier for phy­si­cal­ly impai­red peop­le to live during their studies.

Inner courtyard of the Schollheim with roof terrace, in the background west side of house 3.

Renovations in the course of new construction

The new House 3 is loca­ted bet­ween House 1 and House 2 and is the­re­fo­re direct­ly con­nec­ted to both. In the cour­se of con­struc­tion, 20 rooms were reno­va­ted in the first two houses. New sani­ta­ry faci­li­ties were also built and the hea­ting sys­tem was upgraded to the latest sta­te of the art. In order to incre­a­se the safe­ty of the resi­dents, the cur­rent fire pro­tec­tion requi­re­ments were imple­men­ted in all three houses.

The gara­ge roof in the inner courty­ard was plan­ted with gree­n­e­ry to coun­ter­act the sealing of the sur­faces in the inte­rior and to make the view from the rooms more visual­ly appe­aling. A rai­sed ter­race with trees, shrubs and ben­ches was crea­ted. This can be used in a varie­ty of ways as a beer gar­den, for par­ties and cele­bra­ti­ons, or as a mee­ting place, to pro­mo­te community.

Sin­ce bicy­cles are a popu­lar means of trans­por­ta­ti­on among stu­dents – after all, they are inex­pen­si­ve, fle­xi­ble and envi­ron­ment­al­ly friend­ly – bicy­cle sto­rage rooms for all resi­dents were also crea­ted with the extension.

Future renovations

At pre­sent, a num­ber of reno­va­tions are again in pro­gress, inclu­ding a fun­da­men­tal repla­ce­ment of distance win­dows, modern ther­mal insu­la­ti­on and mea­su­res to incre­a­se fire pro­tec­tion in Houses 1 and 2. The­se and other future repairs can only be finan­ced in part from gene­ra­ted repair reserves.